TYPE Video    





1 0:00.0 - 0:03.0

Friendly greeting

2 0:03.0 - 0:14.0

Enthusiastic, projecting to audience the need to seek perspective from historians, framing history as essential to understand modern society, energetic, framing historians as helpful and essential

3 0:14.0 - 0:19.0

Concerned, solemn, Introducing out-group of Middle-Eastern people and muslims, framing out-group as modern concern - 'a lot of middle-eastern people' 'majority of them Muslims'

4 0:18.0 - 0:21.0

Smug, Asserting himself as a historian, asserting history relates to modern society

5 0:21.0 - 0:24.0

Enthusiastic, Asserting what he does not mean, dismissive, implying there are differences between historical and current events

6 0:24.0 - 0:31.0

Solemn, trailing, Offering proverb, framing dangers of not understanding history, implying people have a responsibility to 'understand' history, implying people who don't understand history are 'condemned'

7 0:31.0 - 0:34.0

Enthusiastic, sincere, Inviting in-group to the inquiry, identifying with audience as an in-group 'we need', emphasising importance of understanding history

8 0:34.0 - 0:39.0

Exaggeratedly thoughtful, vaguely generalising a historical framing of Europe, asserting his role as a historian

9 0:39.0 - 0:48.0

Sarcastic, exaggeratedly aggressive, emphasising Europeans are unjustly vilified, using buzzwords to describe historical framing of Europe

10 0:48.0 - 0:53.0

Amused, Implying history is misrepresented, solemn, invoking skepticism 'as you'd think'

11 0:53.0 - 0:57.0

Enthusiastic, Inviting audience to the inquiry 'let's dig back', generalising history as an important field, identifying with the audience as an in-group for the inquiry

12 0:56.0 - 1:00.0

Sarcastic, energetic, framing Europe and Muslims as long-term rivals

13 0:59.0 - 1:01.0

Thoughtful, Implying the group effort will be tricky, 'untangle', inviting audience to in-group inquiry, implying a desire for the audience to stick with him

14 1:01.0 - 1:05.0

Enthusiastic, energetic, Expressing concern for the future, stating a need for a better future

15 1:05.0 - 1:11.0

Energetic, Implying the in-group is conditioned for one line of thought, identifying with audience as an in-group being conditioned, solemn, asserting history as objectively essential for combatting conditioning

16 1:10.0 - 1:12.0

Energetic, Imploring the in-group to seek 'free will', Identifying with audience as an in-group lacking 'free-will', implying the in-group has been conditioned for one line of thought

17 1:12.0 - 1:16.0

Solemn, Asserting himself as a historian, 'an important and essential presentation', emphasising his content is objectively essential1

18 1:16.0 - 1:25.0

Enthusiastic and solemn, Asserting his content as an objective source, introducing topic of historical Muslim-Christian relations, solemn, Emphasising there is a hidden history 'the truth', framing Christians and Islam as equally relevant to the crusades

19 1:24.0 - 1:32.0

Sincere, Introducing basic history of Islam, hesitant, vaguely offering geographic details

20 1:32.0 - 1:37.0

Amused, stating there is a lack of primary sources from Dark Ages, asserting himself as a historian

21 1:37.0 - 1:42.0

Thoughtful, Identifying with historians, 'we start', generalising usual timeframe for early European history

22 1:42.0 - 1:50.0

Amused, inviting audience to feel amused, offering personal perception to the audience, offering pop culture reference to Star Trek for comparison

23 1:50.0 - 2:01.0

Amused, Asserting the rapid spread of Islam, vaguely offering timeframe and geographic details of early Islam

24 2:00.0 - 2:05.0

Sarcastic, amused, implying violent spread of Islam

25 2:05.0 - 2:08.0

Preoccupied, Inviting audience to the inquiry, 'let's get started', introducing formal presentation style for the video

26 2:08.0 - 2:16.0

Intrigued, Framing diversity of faith in the 'Middle East' before Islam, naming various faiths

27 2:16.0 - 2:26.0

Thoughtful, Warmly framing 'home' and 'civilisation' of the Middle East before Islam, emphasising historical significance of the Middle East, energetic, emphasising significance of Zoroastrianism, offering context with pop culture reference of Freddie Mercury

28 2:26.0 - 2:34.0

Sincere, Stating authority of Christian faith, defining patriarchates, energetic, instructing audience to keep track of relevant statistics

29 2:34.0 - 2:55.0

Enthusiastic, energetic, naming Christian capitals and modern day names, Emphasising the significance and sanctity of Christian capitals, offering familiarity with pop culture and modern day place names

30 2:55.0 - 2:58.0

Preoccupied, framing Christian capitals as the origins of conflict

31 2:58.0 - 3:03.0

Thoughtful, introducing first historical event, naming year, Christian capital and 'Zoroastrian Persians2'

32 3:03.0 - 3:10.0

Sarcastically intrigued, framing 'Muslims' as authoritative conquerors, naming Christian capital

33 3:10.0 - 3:15.0

Intrigued, Framing Muslims as invaders, framing Jerusalem as a victim, naming year and Christian capital

34 3:15.0 - 3:17.0

Dismissive, Interjecting to offer familiarity with a pop culture reference to Chris De Burgh

35 3:17.0 - 3:21.0

Disinterested, Framing Christian capitals as powerless, naming year and Christian capital

36 3:20.0 - 3:24.0

Energetic, Framing Muslims as authoritative and conquerors, implying further Muslim invasions3

37 3:25.0 - 3:30.0

Sarcastic, asserting Christian origins in the Middle East

38 3:30.0 - 3:40.0

Sarcastic, framing the growing domination of Islam over Christianity in the Middle East, implying knowledge as a historian, thoughtful, framing Lebanon as a weak argument for Christian presence in Middle East

39 3:40.0 - 3:42.0

Dismissive, Offering quote from unnamed historian

40 3:42.0 - 4:00.0

Energetic, Quoted no citation, Emphasising powerlessness of Christian capitals against Islam, naming martyrs of Christendom

41 4:00.0 - 4:05.0

Sarcastic, amused, implying Muslim removal of Christianity from North Africa

42 4:04.0 - 4:12.0

Intrigued, Quoted no citation, Emphasising importance of North Africa to Christendom before Islam

43 4:11.0 - 4:20.0

Sarcastic, exaggeratedly curious, implying violent eradication of Christian Faith from North Africa

44 4:21.0 - 4:27.0

Preoccupied, Inviting in-group to continue the inquiry, identifying with the audience as an in-group, enthusiastic, introducing topic of Constantinople's history

45 4:27.0 - 4:29.0

Intrigued, Emphasising multiple instances of violence against Constantinople, implying persistent violent Muslim behaviour

46 4:28.0 - 4:33.0

Sincere, Emphasising significance of Constantinople to Christendom, naming Christian Byzantine Empire

47 4:33.0 - 4:40.0

Sincere, Framing Muslims as incessant invaders, framing Constantinople as a victim, naming year and duration of conflict, energetic, emphasising Constantinople's successful endurance, solemn, invoking image of Muslims as pests 'repel'

48 4:40.0 - 4:42.0

Dismissive, Offering quote from unnamed historian

49 4:42.0 - 5:00.0

Quoted no citation, solemn, Emphasising 'Christian' as deliberately targeted victim, energetic, emphasising Christian strength in protecting 'European civilisation'

50 5:00.0 - 5:02.0

Thoughtful, Asserting himself as a historian, framing basic common knowledge of Roman history

51 5:02.0 - 5:12.0

Thoughtful, Distinguishing between Eastern and Western Roman Empire, framing longevity of Eastern empire, framing basic common knowledge of Roman history 'of course4'

52 5:13.0 - 5:17.0

Sarcastically exasperated, emphasising incessant violence of Muslim attacks

53 5:17.0 - 5:19.0

Sarcastic, framing motive of Muslims as frivolous

54 5:19.0 - 5:23.0

Smug, Framing Muslims as violent and incessant invaders, naming Constantinople and year

55 5:23.0 - 5:30.0

Intrigued, Framing strategic move of Byzantines in face of Muslim threat, naming year, Byzantines and Bulgarian Emperor Tervel

56 5:30.0 - 5:32.0

Intrigued, Emphasising strategic alliance of Constantinople

57 5:31.0 - 5:35.0

Thoughtful, Framing Muslims as incessant invaders, naming Tervel and Constantinople, emphasising necessity of allegiance against Muslims

58 5:35.0 - 5:38.0

Sincere, Stating conflict of Bulgaria against Arabs, naming Bulgarian army and Arabs

59 5:38.0 - 5:42.0

Sincere, Framing aggressive strategy of Bulgaria and Byzantines against Arabs, emphasising the allies 'forced' the Arabs

60 5:41.0 - 5:48.0

Disinterested, Offering similarity to more recent history of the World Wars, sarcastically amused, implying success of Bulgarian/Byzantine strategy

61 5:48.0 - 5:51.0

Preoccupied, Sarcastically describing aggression of the strategy

62 5:50.0 - 5:55.0

Dismissive, stating adoption of Christianity by Bulgaria, thoughtful, framing adoption of Christianity as peaceful, they 'did convert'

63 5:52.0 - 6:00.0

Sincere, framing adoption of Christianity in Bulgaria as a by-product from cultural strength of Byzantine Empire

64 6:00.0 - 6:08.0

Intrigued, describing the weakening and failure of Muslims

65 6:07.0 - 6:10.0

Energetic, Framing Bulgaria as aggressive

66 6:10.0 - 6:15.0

Intrigued, Emphasising the defeat of Muslims as an essential historical success

67 6:15.0 - 6:20.0

Stating strategic success of barbarian(?)-Christian alliance

68 6:18.0 - 6:20.0

Intrigued, Emphasising the need to protect Europe from Islam

69 6:20.0 - 6:25.0

Smug, amused, Implying evil intent of Muslims, generalising Muslim behaviour as historically violent and widespread

70 6:25.0 - 6:30.0

Sincere, Stating later success of Muslims, framing Muslim conquests as inevitable, implying persistance of Muslims, naming Muslim Ottomans and year

71 6:30.0 - 6:34.0

Energetic, Emphasising aggressive infiltration of Muslims, naming Vienna, emphasising Vienna as important 'heart of Europe'

72 6:33.0 - 6:39.0

Hesitant, Emphasising Muslim determination to spread through Europe, solemn, repeating the timeframe

73 6:39.0 - 6:43.0

Sarcastic, amused, Framing out-group Muslims 'they' as dangerous invaders, projecting paranoia for Muslim invasion to the audience, justifying the audience's fear of Muslims as founded in history

74 6:43.0 - 6:50.0

Solemn, justifying general fear of Muslims with historical evidence, hesitant, naming year

75 6:50.0 - 6:53.0

Excited, introducing history of Muslims in Italy

76 6:53.0 - 6:59.0

Thoughtful, Briefly defining Italy's historical context, naming year the struggles of Muslim invasion began

77 6:59.0 - 7:05.0

Energetic, sincere, Emphasising violent incessance and desire for power of Muslims, naming Sicily and year

78 7:05.0 - 7:15.0

Intrigued, stating consequence of Muslim success in Italy, naming Islamic state in Sicily, energetic, Emphasising length of Muslim reign

79 7:15.0 - 7:25.0

Amused, Vaguely generalising historical Muslim behaviour

80 7:25.0 - 7:31.0

Sarcastic, amused, emphasising general brutality of Muslims, solemn, asserting enslavement of Europeans by Muslims as consequential to their gaining territory

81 7:30.0 - 7:33.0

Preoccupied, Assuring a topic will be later explored

82 7:33.0 - 7:41.0

Energetic, Emphasising violence of Muslim reign in Sicily, sincere, framing long and strategic success of Muslim violence

83 7:40.0 - 7:46.0

Solemn, Naming Corsica and Sardinia, implying violent incessance of Muslims

84 7:46.0 - 7:52.0

Energetic, stating failure of Muslim attack, naming year and Rome

85 7:52.0 - 7:57.0

Amused, offering familiar context comparing Roman emperor to Trump, naming Aurelion of Rome, stating defensive strategy of Roman emperor

86 7:54.0 - 8:04.0

Sarcastic, implying Muslim lack of strategic ability, offering modern comparison of Mexicans and US border, thoughtful, implying equally defensive strategies are necessary against Mexicans

87 8:04.0 - 8:11.0

Sincere, vaguely describing ongoing Muslim violence outside Rome, energetic, Framing brutality and mercilessness of Muslims

88 8:10.0 - 8:16.0

Intrigued, Framing Muslims as especially cruel to Christians and disregarding Christian values

89 8:16.0 - 8:19.0

Thoughtful, Defining Basilica5

90 8:19.0 - 8:31.0

Solemn, Describing atrocities of Muslims against sacred Christian sites, energetic, emphasiging Muslims' targeting of sacred Christian sites, naming St Peter and St Paul basilicas

91 8:31.0 - 8:34.0

Thoughtful, Directly offering context for the audience, assuring the audience that expert knowledge on theology is not essential to expand on

92 8:34.0 - 8:40.0

Sarcastic, emphasising significance of Christian figures, naming St Peter and St Paul

93 8:41.0 - 8:50.0

Preoccupied, dismissive, Briefly stating strategic alliance of Christian forces, emphasising Muslims as invaders, naming year, generalising the allegiance of 'maritime cities'

94 8:50.0 - 8:55.0

Intrigued, energetic, Emphasising long-term threat of Muslims against Rome, framing Italy as important for security of Rome, generalising Muslim territories as threatening to surrounding states

95 8:55.0 - 9:01.0

Solemn, Describing weakening of Arabs, naming year

96 9:00.0 - 9:10.0

Sarcastically amused, emphasising Muslim removal from Italy as related to Christian crusades

97 9:10.0 - 9:23.0

Disinterested, Describing alliance between various Christian European forces, naming Christian European forces, generally introducing Christian crusades as a response to Muslim invasions

98 9:22.0 - 9:25.0

Thoughtful, Offering uncommon knowledge to audience, identifying the audience as an out-group with incomplete knowledge of history

99 9:24.0 - 9:30.0

Sincere, Justifying Christian alliance as necessary against invading Muslims, implying the justification of action against Muslims is unjustly witheld

100 9:30.0 - 9:40.0

Disinterested, Asserting success of Christian European alliance in destroying Muslim territory, naming Pope John X and year, emphasising necessity to 'destroy' Muslim powers

101 9:40.0 - 9:46.0

Intrigued, Interjecting notes to assert pope intervention as rare, Asserting himself as a historian, generalising historic events, Implying urgency to act against dominating Muslims

102 9:47.0 - 9:55.0

Trailing, offering personal thought deriving from the topic

103 9:54.0 - 9:58.0

Energetic, Inviting audience to recap information together, emphasising group involvement in the inquiry, identifying with the audience as an in-group

104 9:58.0 - 10:01.0

Thoughtful, Framing focus on Christian history

105 10:01.0 - 10:08.0

Energetic, Intrigued, generalising rapid spread of Muslim domination

106 10:08.0 - 10:16.0

Energetic, solemn, Emphasising brutal and anti-Christian acts of Muslims, naming Constantinople and Rome, implying Christian capitals were helpless against Muslim violence

107 10:16.0 - 10:29.0

Sarcastic, justifying Christian disdain for Muslim brutality, projecting to audience to see the sense in Christian disdain for Muslims, solemn, framing Muslims as incessantly violent

108 10:29.0 - 10:33.0

Exaggerated enthusiasm, implying brutal violence of Muslims is ongoing

109 10:33.0 - 10:34.0

Preoccupied, identifying with audience as an in-group, inviting in-group to continue engaging

110 10:34.0 - 10:37.0

Sincere, asserting objective importance of his content

111 10:37.0 - 10:38.0

Thoughtful, inviting audience to question their knowledge of the European identity, Identifying Europeans as out-group6

112 10:38.0 - 10:45.0

Thoughtful, Framing 'Europeans' as reflective and self-critical, dismissive, distinguishing modern Europeans, implying Europeans have a more developed civilisation

113 10:45.0 - 10:53.0

Thoughtful, energetic, Generalising self-reflection of Europe, listing atrocities of Europeans alluding to self-reflection, projecting mindset of Europeans to describe their morals

114 10:52.0 - 10:56.0

Sarcastically amused, offering personal perception, asserting personal certainty

115 10:56.0 - 10:59.0

Amused, Implying immaturity of Islam

116 10:59.0 - 11:09.0

Sarcastically dismissive, listing atrocities of Muslims, emphasising Muslim brutality directed at Christians

117 11:09.0 - 11:11.0

Intrigued, Assuring a topic will be elaborated, inviting audience to the inquiry

118 11:11.0 - 11:20.0

Intrigued, Introducing Spain's history, naming Christian Visigoths, year and length of conflict, framing persistent Muslim conflict against Christians

119 11:20.0 - 11:24.0

Sincere, Stating infliction of Muslim power on European territory

120 11:24.0 - 11:26.0

Energetic, Dramatically pronouncing Cordoba

121 11:26.0 - 11:32.0

Emphasising persistent efforts of Christians to reclaim European territory, defining Reconquista as battles in Spain and Portugal

122 11:32.0 - 11:34.0

Energetic, Implying long-term bloodshed on both sides

123 11:34.0 - 11:38.0

Exaggeratedly shocked, emphasising the centuries-long conflicts between Muslims and Christians

124 11:38.0 - 11:46.0

Exaggeratedly shocked, Implying violent stubbornness of Muslim control in Europe, naming Iberian Peninsula, vaugely describing timeframe

125 11:46.0 - 11:51.0

Energetic, Emphasising long-term effort to remove Muslim control from Europe, framing Muslims as incessant pests, naming year

126 11:50.0 - 12:00.0

Solemn, Implying the need to appreciate history to unerstand current events, framing historical events as inspiration for ISIS, identifying ISIS as out-group, generalising motives of ISIS, sarcastically implying the importance of historical events to ISIS

127 12:02.0 - 12:05.0

Sarcastic, identifying ISIS as an out-group that appreciates history, sarcastic, amused, Framing Europeans as unfairly victimised and forced into 'self-hatred', generalising every culture except Europeans as 'getting' a history

128 12:04.0 - 12:10.0

Thoughtful, Asserting Muslims insatiable desire for power, generalising ongoing Muslim conflicts across Europe

129 12:09.0 - 12:13.0

Sarcastically amused, generalising conflict between France and Muslims as ongoing

130 12:13.0 - 12:16.0

Energetic, solemn, Emphasising the strength of France in preventing Muslim advancement

131 12:16.0 - 12:24.0

Energetic, Emphasising global significance of French battle against Muslims, disinterested, naming year and Tours in France

132 12:25.0 - 12:35.0

Sincere, Stating French success in defeating invading Muslims, naming Charles Martel, vaguely describing the now halted Muslim expansion into Europe

133 12:35.0 - 12:41.0

Sarcastic, Vaguely describing current relevance to historical events, naming Angela Merkel, implying European alliance against the expansion of Islam is necessary

134 12:40.0 - 12:49.0

Solemn, Asserting his knowledge as a historian, Emphasising importance of preserving 'European Western Christian civilisation', naming Battle of Tours, implying Christianity equates to Western civilisation7

135 12:47.0 - 12:56.0

Disinterested, Vaguely stating success of Europeans in preventing Muslim expansion into Europe, naming Tours and Constantinople

136 12:56.0 - 12:59.0

Enthusiastic, offering audience an image as a break from notes, identifying audience as an in-group involved in the inquiry

137 12:59.0 - 13:04.0

Enthusiastic, Listing names of oil paintings of relevant battles

138 13:04.0 - 13:09.0

Thoughtful, enthusiastic, Offering personal interpretation of the content of a painting

139 13:09.0 - 13:12.0

Preoccupied, Inviting audience to a friendly, group inquiry, identifying with audience 'let's have a look'

140 13:12.0 - 13:26.0

Intrigued, Describing visualised map of Europe, sarcastic, emphasising massive Muslim territory over a short time frame, naming years of Muslim Caliphate, asserting his role as a historian

141 13:27.0 - 13:31.0

Dismissive, Defining Caliphate

142 13:31.0 - 13:37.0

Enthusiastic, Introducing next topic of offering details, inviting audience to seek detail

143 13:37.0 - 13:41.0

Thoughtful, Ditinguishing Christians in Middle East/North Africa to those in Europe

144 13:40.0 - 13:43.0

Sarcastic, Implying potential threat of brutal treatment of Christians in Europe

145 13:43.0 - 13:46.0

Sarcastic, energetic, asserting brutal treatment of Christians under Muslims, dismissive, inviting audience to describe Muslim rule over Christians, identifying with audience in labelling Muslims

146 13:46.0 - 13:56.0

Thoughtful, Offering generalised framing of Muslim rule, energetic, Framing hardship of Christians under Muslim rule, implying brutal treatment of Christians under Muslim rule

147 13:55.0 - 13:57.0

Blunt, Defining Dhimmis

148 13:57.0 - 14:02.0

Concerned, energetic, Emphasising financial hardship of Christian life under Muslim rule

149 14:02.0 - 14:15.0

Blunt, Describing cruel taxes that target Christians, intrigued then dismissive, defining jizya and kharaj, implying cruel domination of Muslims

150 14:15.0 - 14:20.0

Sarcastic, generally describing desparate actions for Christian survival

151 14:19.0 - 14:30.0

Thoughtful, Describing taxes set by Muslim rulers, sarcastic, offering vague details of historical context, sincere, asserting brutality of Muslims

152 14:29.0 - 14:35.0

Solemn, Amused, Asserting the senseless behaviour of Muslims towards Christians

153 14:36.0 - 14:43.0

Sarcastic, dismissive, generalising the slow travel of news in a historical context, asserting himself as a historian

154 14:46.0 - 14:54.0

Intrigued, Vaguely Describing 'the West' becoming aware of a 'Muslim emperor', asserting large-scale victimisation of Christians under Muslim rule

155 14:54.0 - 15:00.0

Blunt, Framing persistent and merciless victimisation of Christians under Muslim rule, naming Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem

156 15:00.0 - 15:15.0

Energetic, Emphasising the sanctity of a destroyed Christian landmark, sarcastic, asserts importance of landmark to Christians, defining Holy Sepulcher

157 15:15.0 - 15:28.0

Dismissive, Quoted no citation, intrigued, describing reception of destruction of the site, asserting himself as a historian

158 15:28.0 - 15:31.0

Thoughtful, identifying devout Christians as an out-group, framing the importance of pilgrimage to many Christians

159 15:30.0 - 15:43.0

Quoted no citation, sincere, describing crusades as a consequence of Muslim aggression against Christians

160 15:43.0 - 15:48.0

Sincere, Emphasising misfortune and durability of Christians, naming Christian Byzantines

161 15:48.0 - 15:54.0

Solemn, Framing Christian struggles as self-defence against Muslims, implying long-term conflicts between Muslims and Christians, invoking sympathy for Christian 'homelands', implying Muslims are cruel invaders

162 15:54.0 - 16:03.0

Energetic, Framing Byzantines as opponents of Muslims, solemn, asserting there was death on both sides, implying enduring strength of Byzantines against Muslims

163 16:03.0 - 16:09.0

Energetic, Emphasisng struggle and endurance of Byzantines, intrigued, framing Byzantines as being robbed

164 16:09.0 - 16:14.0

Solemn, Framing efforts of Byzantines as righteous, framing failure of Byzantines as tragic

165 16:14.0 - 16:18.0

Thoughtful, Stating significance of Jerusalem to Christians

166 16:19.0 - 16:26.0

Dismissive, Quoted no citation, intrigued, describing righteous acts of Byzantines

167 16:27.0 - 16:37.0

Solemn, Vaguely listing huge losses of Byzantines against Muslims, naming year

168 16:37.0 - 16:46.0

Intrigued, Naming timeframe, framing Byzantines as in desparate need of allegiance with Western and Christian forces, solemn, implying need for aggressive force against Muslims, emphasising 'military aid'

169 16:46.0 - 16:52.0

Sarcastic, inviting audience to recall historic Muslim determination to inflitrate Europe, concerned, invoking fear of Muslim invasion, framing success of Byzantines as essential to preventing Muslim invasion of Europe, naming Vienna

170 16:52.0 - 17:02.0

Intrigued, Framing humble request of Byzantines for Western allegiance against Muslims, naming year and Pope Urban II

171 17:02.0 - 17:10.0

Energetic, Emphasising historical significance of Christian crusade, framing crusades as a direct response to Muslim invasions

172 17:09.0 - 17:11.0

Excited, offering summary of historical events to audience, inviting audience to recall the content so far

173 17:11.0 - 17:33.0

Energetic, hesitant, Listing major events of Muslim invasion to Western/Christian territory, emphasising brutality and cruelty of Muslims against Christians

174 17:32.0 - 17:49.0

Passionate, harsh, asserting justification of Christian crusades against incessant invading Muslims, implying Islam has always posed a violent threat to Europe/Christianity

175 17:50.0 - 17:54.0

Sarcastic, amused, Inviting audience to ask trusted Muslims about the history, identifying Muslims as an out-group not in the audience8

176 17:54.0 - 17:59.0

Amused, asserting this framing is not popular, implying his personal knowledge of how this framing is treated generally, generalising Muslims as denying their violent history

177 17:59.0 - 18:05.0

Disinterested, Framing Muslims as unprovoked aggressors

178 18:05.0 - 18:09.0

Humble, Justifying Christians' retaliation, framing Christians as righteous and moral

179 18:09.0 - 18:10.0

Sarcastic, expressing personal perception of Muslim-Christian history as ironic, framing retalitory violence of Christians against Muslims as ironic

180 18:10.0 - 18:17.0

Sarcastic, framing Muslims as carelessly and incessantly violent, solemn, implying violent response of Christians to Muslim brutality was inevitable

181 18:16.0 - 18:22.0

Smug, Asserting personal knowledge, identifying audience as an out-group, projecting to audience the need to become educated, energetic, emphasising Europeans as ruthless retaliators

182 18:23.0 - 18:29.0

Amused, Projecting assumption about the audience's common knowledge, asserting himself as a historian

183 18:27.0 - 18:33.0

Energetically intrigued, Referencing his work, implying common misinformation on Western colonialism, emphasising his dedication to exposing 'truth'

184 18:33.0 - 18:40.0

Humble, Listing generalised feats of Western colonialism

185 18:39.0 - 18:46.0

Thoughtful, Implying preference of British rule over threat of Islam in Pakistan, generalising historical events in Pakistan, amused, framing Muslims as a serious threat

186 18:46.0 - 18:54.0

Intrigued, Inviting audience to question an incomplete framing of history, emphasising existence of Muslim colonies, disinterested, defining caliphates

187 18:54.0 - 19:05.0

Thoughtful, Stating power and size of first Muslim emp9ire, exaggeratedly impressed, emphasising size of Muslim empire, offering size of the US as a familiar comparison, naming Rashidun and geographical size

188 19:05.0 - 19:07.0

Sarcastic, emphasising size of Muslim territory

189 19:08.0 - 19:18.0

Intrigued, Stating size of Muslim empire, naming Umayyad and geographical size, Exaggeratedly impressed, emphasising size of second Muslim empire, offering size of Russia as a familiar comparison

190 19:18.0 - 19:22.0

Sarcastic, emphasising size of Russia

191 19:22.0 - 19:26.0

Thoughtful, Offering Roman Empire as a familiar comparison, asserting assumption that his audience contains European viewers, identifying Europeans as an out-group, generalising assumed knowledge of Europeans, inviting audience as an in-group to the inquiry

192 19:26.0 - 19:39.0

Amused, stating size of the Roman Empire was much smaller than Muslim empires, sarcastic, emphasising how small the Roman Empire was, energetic, naming geographic size and timeframe

193 19:39.0 - 19:48.0

Energetic, Emphasising the rapid expansion of the Muslim empire

194 19:48.0 - 19:55.0

Energetic, solemn, Offering repeated comparsion of growth of Muslim Empire to the Roman Empire

195 19:55.0 - 20:00.0

Sarcastic, Amused, asserting his intention to the audience, implying Muslims were an uncontrollable force 'it was spreading'10

196 20:00.0 - 20:03.0

Sarcastic, Amused, implying violence of Muslim expansion

197 20:03.0 - 20:10.0

Intrigued, Stating incessant expansion of Muslim forces, energetic, emphasising long-term invading practices of Muslims

198 20:09.0 - 20:15.0

Intrigued, Naming Ottoman Empire inferred as Muslim, energetic, naming year, stating Muslim success in taking Constantinople, defining Ottoman empire

199 20:15.0 - 20:19.0

Disinterested, Stating defeat of Constantinople ended Byzantine empire, asserting Byzantines as Christians

200 20:19.0 - 20:29.0

Disinterested, listing Muslim invasions, naming years, emphasising importance of Vienna to Europe, energetic, emphasising repeated attempts of Muslims to invade Europe

201 20:29.0 - 20:35.0

Energetic, Hesitant, Naming year, implying strength of Russia, vaguely describing conflict between Russia and Turkey

202 20:34.0 - 20:40.0

Solemn, Vaguely implying Russia as a helpful force in fighting Muslim invaders, Implying enslavement of European countries under Muslim rule, naming Bulgaria

203 20:40.0 - 20:49.0

Smug, Inviting audience to track facts, emphasising long-term activity of Muslim imperialism11

204 20:49.0 - 20:58.0

Intrigued, Offering the Balkans as a generalised description of life under Muslim rule, solemn, inviting audience to consider global history

205 20:58.0 - 21:10.0

Energetic, Emphasising brutality and cruelty of Christian life under authoritative Muslim rule, thoughtful, stating enforcement of taxes against Christians

206 21:09.0 - 21:18.0

Sarcastic, generalising Christians' serious fear for their lives under Muslim rule

207 21:18.0 - 21:26.0

Intrigued, amused, implying modern terrorists justify their actions with history, naming ISIS and Syria, offering familiar modern context to understand historical events, defining jizya

208 21:26.0 - 21:34.0

Sarcastic, framing Turkish 'blood tax' as comparable to jizya, hesitant, solemn, emphasising brutality of modern Muslim states

209 21:34.0 - 21:39.0

Preoccupied, Vaguely stating association of 'Turkish, Muslim, Ottoman'

210 21:39.0 - 21:54.0

Concerned, Describing abduction and brutal treatment of Christian boys under Ottoman rule, sincere, vaguely defining Janissary Corps, emphasising brutal targeting of innocent Christians

211 21:54.0 - 21:59.0

Sympathetic, Invoking sympathy, emphasising helplessness of Christian boys, projecting experience of Christian boys to the audience

212 21:59.0 - 22:04.0

Sarcastic, solemn, offering joking reference to modern culture, emphasising unjust brutality against Christians, framing Muslims as motivated by power and wealth comparing abduction to 'tax'

213 22:05.0 - 22:15.0

Amused, Hesitant, Generalising common understanding of European history, asserting objective personal knowledge, projecting common experience of European history to audience

214 22:15.0 - 22:21.0

Exaggerated aggression, generalising the vilifiaction of Europeans, using buzzwords to generalise the vilifcation of European history

215 22:21.0 - 22:24.0

Sarcastic, ethusiastic, Inviting audience to question their knowledge, implying history is misrepresented

216 22:24.0 - 22:28.0

Enthusiastic, Emphasising brutality of Muslim imperialism

217 22:28.0 - 22:32.0

Dismissive, Referencing to his other work, stating history has been misrepresented, asserting his dedication to offering 'truth', asserting his personal knowledge

218 22:32.0 - 22:38.0

Energetic, Emphasising longevity and significance of Muslim role in slavery, vaguely stating timeframe

219 22:38.0 - 22:46.0

Disinterested, vaguely introducing Christian role in slavery, framing slavery as an economic activity Christians did not begin

220 22:46.0 - 22:52.0

Energetic, Emphasising longevity of Muslim slave trading in Africa

221 22:52.0 - 22:58.0

Exaggerated shock, Emphasising deadliness of Muslim slave trading, invoking sympathy 'souls', naming estimated death toll

222 22:58.0 - 23:04.0

Intrigued, Offering generalised detail of Muslim slave trade, emphasising brutality of Muslim behaviour

223 23:04.0 - 23:15.0

Solemn, Graphically defining eunechs, emphasising innocence of eunech victims, offering (misplaced?) comparison of unix to eunechs

224 23:15.0 - 23:21.0

Sympathetic, Inviting audience to consider the brutality of Muslim practices, Framing Muslim behaviour as 'savage', invoking sympathy

225 23:21.0 - 23:25.0

Thoughtful, Asserting objectivity, collecting thoughts, introducing perspective of Africans

226 23:24.0 - 23:28.0

Thoughtful, Generalising African complaints about the West/Europe, framing Africa as 'constantly complaining' about the West

227 23:28.0 - 23:33.0

Smug, Stating benefits of European rule in South Africa, framing South Africa as ignorant of benefits of European rule

228 23:33.0 - 23:35.0

Smug, Inviting audience to consider their personal experience

229 23:35.0 - 23:42.0

Smug, Framing Islamic slave trade as more significantly more brutal than Europeans, generalising Africans as unfairly downplaying Muslim slavery

230 23:42.0 - 23:46.0

Smug, passionate, generalising Muslims as 'not self-critica12l'

231 23:45.0 - 23:53.0

Amused, passionate, Generalising Europeans as victims of their own self-criticism, framing modern European civilization as insane

232 23:53.0 - 23:57.0

Sarcastic, amused, asserting objectivity of his speculation, Stating a general lack of blame placed on current Islamic states, naming Saudi Arabia

233 23:57.0 - 24:00.0

Sarcastic, framing Saudi Arabia as still viewing Africans as slaves, asserting objectivity of his perception, identifying Saudi Arabians as out-group

234 24:00.0 - 24:06.0

Collecting thoughts, blunt, First named citation, naming Robert Davis, asserting his knowledge as a historian

235 24:06.0 - 24:14.0

Intrigued, vaguely stating statistics of savage North African Muslim behaviour, distinguishing 'North African Muslim pirates', naming timeframe,

236 24:14.0 - 24:19.0

Sincere, Emphasising existence of long-term brutality towards Christians, vaguely offering timeframe

237 24:19.0 - 24:27.0

Dismissive, describing incompatibility of Christian Europeans with North African ecosystems, asserting objective knowledge

238 24:27.0 - 24:33.0

Dismissive, describing reasons for Christian European slave trading, identifying Christian slave-traders as an out-group, thoughtful, emphasising civility of Christian slave-trading practices

239 24:33.0 - 24:38.0

Amused, sarcastic, framing Muslim slave-trading as more savage than Christians

240 24:38.0 - 24:40.0

Solemn, dismissive, Framing Muslims as thieves, implying civilised values of Christians 'families'

241 24:40.0 - 25:04.0

Solemn, Quoted no citation, describing defence strategy of Southern Europe

242 25:04.0 - 25:05.0

Amused, Inviting audience to question learned information

243 25:05.0 - 25:09.0

Smug, Framing historical need for European defence against aggressive Muslims as misrepresented

244 25:09.0 - 25:11.0

Thoughtful, Framing logical consequence of European's defences

245 25:11.0 - 25:16.0

Sympathetic, listing lack of access to leisurely activities for Europeans in fear of Muslims

246 25:15.0 - 25:25.0

Sarcastic, solemn, describing hardships of Europeans in fear of Muslim slave traders, energetic, emphasising threat of Muslim slave traders, implying the threat of Muslim slave traders is not common knowledge

247 25:25.0 - 25:28.0

Intrigued, Offering comparison of European history to American history, naming President Jefferson

248 25:28.0 - 25:30.0

Smug, Validating audience assumptions about the violence of Muslims

249 25:30.0 - 25:33.0

Intrigued, Framing Muslims as incessant pests, 'constantly infesting'

250 25:33.0 - 25:42.0

Blunt, Stating long-term influence of brutal Muslim invaders in Europe

251 25:42.0 - 25:55.0

Energetic, exaggerated shock, Emphasising length and violence of Muslims against European countries, framing European countries as innocent and helpless against violent Muslims, naming France, England and Spain, generalising brutal acts of Muslims

252 25:55.0 - 25:57.0

Energetic, Concerned, Directly invoking sympathy from audience, justifying the long-term fear of Muslims, implying personal concern

253 25:58.0 - 26:06.0

Collecting thoughts, Thoughtful, Vaguely describing important conquests by Muslims, naming Constantinople, year and general timeframe

254 26:06.0 - 26:10.0

Energetic, Emphasising consequences for Europe of Muslim conquests

255 26:10.0 - 26:21.0

Disinterested, stating the defeat of Muslims, naming Vienna, year and Ottoman army, exaggerated shock, emphasising size of Muslim capture,

256 26:21.0 - 26:30.0

Disinterested, listing European regions where Muslims captured slaves, intrigued, generalising Islamic countries as slave-traders

257 26:30.0 - 26:42.0

Thoughtful, Quoted historian David Brian Davis, intrigued, offering more details of regions affected by slave trade,13 framing as upsetting 'laments'

258 26:42.0 - 26:44.0

Smug, Inviting audience to question learned knowledge, implying information is being generally witheld, asserting objective personal knowledge, identifying audience as an out-group that's been misled

259 26:44.0 - 26:48.0

Smug, Framing Muslim slave trade as a substantial obstacle for advances in 'the Atlantic'

260 26:48.0 - 26:49.0

Sincere, Validating belief that historical information is being witheld

261 26:49.0 - 27:00.0

Quoted no citation, thoughtful, emphasising number and diversity of enslaved people by Muslims

262 27:00.0 - 27:05.0

Solemn, Referencing to his other video, asserting importance for viewers to educate themselves, asserting his personal knowledge and concern

263 27:05.0 - 27:11.0

Humble, No longer using notes, asserting need for group inquiry

264 27:12.0 - 27:16.0

Collecting thoughts, feigned exasparation, listing immoral human behaviours

265 27:16.0 - 27:20.0

Exaggerated aggresion, amused, framing Westerners as improperly framed as key perpetrators in general immoral behaviours

266 27:20.0 - 27:39.0

Solemn, harsh, Framing Europe as provoked and justified in retaliating against Muslim violence, dismissive, generalising persistent and violent Muslim invasions, naming Spain, Portugal, Sicily

267 27:39.0 - 27:42.0

Exasparated, energetic, asserting deep personal concern

268 27:42.0 - 27:45.0

Sincere, Stating personal speculation about Europeans, framing personal perception as founded in evidence

269 27:45.0 - 27:50.0

Solemn, Framing unfair and directed erasure of European history

270 27:50.0 - 27:54.0

Irritated, Asserting Europeans as victims forced to repremand themselves

271 27:54.0 - 27:55.0

Exasperated, energetic, Expressing frustration with perceived injustice

272 27:55.0 - 27:58.0

Thoughtful, Instructing audience to challenge common knowledge and understanding of history in regular conversations

273 27:58.0 - 28:02.0

Smug, emphasising personal knowledge of what's framed as hidden historical information, projecting the need for the audience to boast knowledge of uncommon historical events

274 28:02.0 - 28:05.0

Harsh, Generalising Muslims as lacking self-reflection

275 28:05.0 - 28:07.0

Harsh, Identifying general public as an out-group, expressing frustration with out-group for not repremanding Muslims

276 28:07.0 - 28:14.0

Energetic, Irritated, Identifying general public as an out-group, generalising out-group as unfairly and incessantly repremanding Europeans, concerned, generalising Europeans as weak victims being robbed

277 28:14.0 - 28:16.0

Irritated, energetic, Emphasising Europeans are less evil than generally portrayed, implying equal role of many cultures in historical atrocities

278 28:16.0 - 28:21.0

Solemn, asserting success of European civilisation in aboloshing slavery, smug, implying superior morals of modern Europeans

279 28:21.0 - 28:24.0

Thoughtful, Distinguishing the British in successfully abolishing slavery

280 28:24.0 - 28:30.0

Dismissive, Vaguely describing expensive and noble effort of British to abolish slavery globally, energetic, emphasising goal of Britain to end slavery

281 28:30.0 - 28:32.0

Enthusiastic, energetic, asserting the video as essential content for the audience in understanding history, projecting to the audience the importance of having a wider appreciation of history

282 28:32.0 - 28:37.0

Enthusiastic, Inviting audience to take pride in Western and Eurpoean history, implying Europeans are an in-group, emphasising feats of Europe

283 28:37.0 - 28:39.0

Amused, Generalising the public's refusal to accept European/Western history

284 28:39.0 - 28:41.0

Thoughtful, Stating 'the world' undermines the strength of Europe

285 28:41.0 - 28:48.0

Amused, concerned, generalising plot to invade and rob the wealth of Europe and destroy its civilisation

286 28:48.0 - 28:54.0

Intrigued, Framing Christians as victims, 'driven out of its home', framing Christianity as forced into expanding across Europe

287 28:54.0 - 28:56.0

Thoughtful, Framing Christian crusades as justified efforts to return 'home'

288 28:56.0 - 29:00.0

Exaggerated aggression, describing improper framing of Europe as evil

289 29:00.0 - 29:01.0

Exasperated, projecting to audience the need to consider this information

290 29:01.0 - 29:03.0

Softens, humble, Stating the misconception is universally framed

291 29:03.0 - 29:06.0

Concerned, Validating the significance audience's cultural history, emphasising the importance of acknowledging a culture's history, 'you have a history'

292 29:06.0 - 29:14.0

Concerned, Identifying Europeans as out-group, generalising violent self-destruction and disrespectful erasure of European culture

293 29:14.0 - 29:19.0

Concerned, Sympathetic, framing knowledge of history as objectively essential, projecting the need to appreciate one's history to the audience

294 29:19.0 - 29:22.0

Concerned, Sympathetic, Framing audience as out-group, projecting the need to have a strong sense of history to the audience, invoking insecurity in audience, implying European society is fragile

295 29:22.0 - 29:28.0

Solemn, Invoking sympathy for modern Europeans, implying a similar situation for North Americans, framing Europe as experiencing greater hardship in appreciating history

296 29:28.0 - 29:31.0

Exasperated, Generalising modern European culture as 'lazy'

297 29:31.0 - 29:39.0

Sarcastic, projecting perceived shallow concerns of modern Europeans, solemn, generalising Europeans as self-centered and small-minded

298 29:39.0 - 29:41.0

Thoughtful, implying selfish values are not always dangerous to society

299 29:41.0 - 29:46.0

Solemn, Emphasising general European habits are more unhealthy

300 29:46.0 - 29:51.0

Sincere, Generalising Europe as currently incapable of appreciating broader truths, emphasising framing Europe as unfortunate

301 29:51.0 - 30:02.0

Concerned, implying a greater understanding of one's cultural history is essential to understanding one's culturally defined 'purpose', energetic, framing modern religious out-groups with an appreciation of history as more focused than Europe

302 30:02.0 - 30:05.0

Solemn, Emphasising importance and difficulty in appreciating one's history

303 30:05.0 - 30:08.0

Passionate, generalising concern for 'civilisation'

304 30:07.0 - 30:16.0

Concerned, Identifying with unnamed in-group, invoking group concern for preserving civilisation, implying universal benefits were built by Western civilisation, distinguishing white Westerners as crucial drivers for civilisation

305 30:16.0 - 30:27.0

Sarcastically dismissive, trailing, listing vague aspects of modern society, generalising modern culture as the success of Western civilisation

306 30:27.0 - 30:31.0

Sarcastic, energetic, framing vague aspects of modern society as essential to worthwhile living

307 30:31.0 - 30:33.0

Amused, sarcastic, Identifying with Western civilisation, projecting desire to maintain benefits of Western civilisation, implying threat of being robbed by outsiders

308 30:33.0 - 30:36.0

Passionate, enthusiastic, implying superior knowledge to Europeans, asserting personal knowledge, identifying Europeans as out-group

309 30:36.0 - 30:38.0

Thoughtful, Identifying with North Americans, implying some similarities between North Americans and Europeans

310 30:38.0 - 30:43.0

Exaggeratedly energetic, passionate, desperately instructing Europeans to refute negative framing by the public, enthusiastic, expressing genuine passionate concern

311 30:43.0 - 30:45.0

Passionate, Asserting objectivity of his perception

312 30:45.0 - 30:50.0

Energetic, irritated, Asserting Europe's atrocities are insignificant in a historical context

313 30:50.0 - 30:53.0

Trailing, Framing personal knowledge, implying lack of formality/preparation for this segment at lea14st

314 30:53.0 - 30:57.0

Proud, passionate, Emphasising the great and plentiful feats of Europeans

315 30:56.0 - 30:58.0

Solemn, Instructing audience in how to use the information here

316 30:58.0 - 31:01.0

Irritated, trailing, implying general misrepresentation of commonly known atrocities

317 31:00.0 - 31:06.0

Passionate, irritated, Instructing aggressive reaction to conversations on misrepresented European history, implying Europe is less at fault compared to other cultural histories

318 31:06.0 - 31:08.0

Passionate, Identifying out-group as misinformed, Generalising lack of awareness/understanding of history and ignorant victimisation of Europe

319 31:08.0 - 31:17.0

Passionate, irritated, Emphasising virtues of Europe, softens, framing Europe as working towards a better future

320 31:17.0 - 31:25.0

Sarcastic, energetic, projecting the audience's need to distinguish when self-criticism is and is not necessary, implying self-criticism is only acceptable 'among healthy people'15

321 31:25.0 - 31:32.0

Solemn, Implying Europeans are alone in practicing self-criticism, sarcastic, asserting that outside cultures are serious threats

322 31:32.0 - 31:43.0

Passionate, irritated, Emphasising vulnerability and weakness of Europe against insane and violent out-groups, identifying Europeans as an out-group that are being attacked

323 31:42.0 - 31:44.0

Exasperated, Identifying with Europeans, expressing desire to cease Western self-criticism

324 31:44.0 - 31:49.0

Exasperated, Solemn, Expressing embarrassment and exhaustion with European behaviour

325 31:49.0 - 31:54.0

Disinterested, Implying Europe and North America have similar tendencies of self-criticism

326 31:53.0 - 31:57.0

Energetic, Smug, Implying ongoing invasion of Europe and North America from out-group, inviting audience to question motives of out-group

327 31:57.0 - 32:11.0

Solemn, Listing long-term 'treasures' of the West, Europe and North America, implying civilisation is at risk from invaders, emphasising historical significance of Western wealth and strength

328 32:11.0 - 32:18.0

Solemnly aggressive, Instructing audience to aggressively challenge common perspectives rather than be apologetic or passive

329 32:18.0 - 32:23.0

Passionately aggressive, expressing belief in rights to in-group privilege, asserting Western privilege is at risk of being robbed, invoking fear and anger by shouting 'we will lose', identifying with audience and the West as an in-group

330 32:22.0 - 32:25.0

Solemn, Concerned, Invoking urgency in taking action, identifying with Westerners, generalisisng in-group need to address and change problematic behaviour

331 32:25.0 - 32:32.0

Softens, solemn, Framing Western civilisation as something to be admired and warmly regarded, asserting longevity of the West, implying the West's potential to persist

332 32:32.0 - 32:36.0

Energetic, Solemn, asserting the current fragility of Western civilisation, invoking urgency and fear for loss of civilisation

333 32:36.0 - 32:40.0

Solemn, humble, Emphasising severity of threat, invoking fear for loss of civilisation

334 32:40.0 - 32:43.0

Formal sign off

335 32:43.0 - 32:48.0

Humble, requesting for viewers to support the content,

336 32:48.0 - 32:52.0

Humble, requesting for viewers to support the content, Emphasising urgency for in-group effort in spreading information, 'this essential message', framing his videos as a noble effort

337 32:52.0 - 32:56.0

Sincere, kindly thanking viewers



1   Category of Framing: He presents the work as an objective 'presentation' and a key tool for the audience in their independent search for truth.
2   He will give greater detail only in contexts where it does not weaken his key argument. He fails to mention at any point in the video which areas of the Middle East the Muslim people moved from, what their history was before expansion or what denominations of the faith were instated, instead grouping them as a unified ahistorical group who sought to destroy Western and Christian civilisations.
3   In most mentions of the Islamic people, the descriptions imply violence and a thirst for power.
4   He says this frequently, likely to frame a certain idea, concept or event as basic knowledge that the viewer either should know already or not something in need of questioning. In some cases, as it is here, it can be in reference to a broad historical truth such as the Western portion of the Roman Empire being most associated with the fall of Rome, but there are other instances where framing his statement as infallible could lead to misconceptions.
5   He takes the time to define basilica, to what we can assume is a majority Christian (or born Christian) audience, and at each step offers historical and geographical notes necessary for understanding the context of a country or city, yet at no point explains what he means when he says Muslim or Arab, where they came from, who their leaders were, etc.
6   In more obviously historical instances, he will identify with Western Europeans, but addresses them as a group he is not a member of when discussing more recent history, or ideologies/cultures that he frames as still evident today.
7   The text we see on screen here references Western historians' opinion that the Battle of Tours 'saved Christianity, yet Molyneux chooses to say saved 'European Western Christian civilisation'. He implies that these are one in the same, without giving any explanation as to why this may be, so the audience is left to assume it to be true. Here, the emphasis is on the success of Western Europe, with several points now having been on the Battle of Tours, but Molyneux's addition to (what we have to assume is) the opinion of experts is that Christianity's preservation is essential to the preservation of civilisation as we know and love it.
8   Here we see Molyneux directly assuming his audience does not consist of Muslim people, since he tells viewers to ask their 'Muslim friends' about this side of history, rather than inviting Muslim people to comment or offer their perspective directly. In every instance, Islam is framed as an enemy, a threat, a dehumanised entity that should be scrutinised and criticised rather than included in a discussion about their history.
9   For this whole segment stating the stretch of Muslim vs Roman territory, he does not include figures for populations, or names of places where this territory was, which would certainly offer a better context than the land size alone.
10   Again, like the need to 'repel', like how they 'infest' Western territory, Muslims are likened to filth, here as a disease rather than pests
11   What he doesn't include is how long each territory was ruled for. On this page, we see that the largest empire was achieved in 130 years, but not how long that size was maintained, since the video mentions numerous struggles for rule over countries across Europe. Also, the year he's referencing here - the establishment of the Emirate of Cordoba - was not actually stated in the video. At 11:23 he explains that Muslims began invading Spain in 711 and it was conquered in 9 years, inferring that the Emirate came about around 720, but by this maths, it should have been 756. Either he has left out relevant details on the struggles of power for Muslims in Spain
12   A lot of what could be described as opinion or speculation are instead stated as factual characteristics. His proof for believing 'Muslims are not self-critical', which he notably states with enthusiasm, is that they are not repremanded in the same way as Western slave traders whose crimes he believes are of lesser substance than 'the Muslims'. It is important to understand that he gives no explanation for what he means by 'self-critical', whether by example of Western/European behaviour or modern Islamic behaviour, other than vague speculations about poorly defined groups of people throughout history. His portrayal of these beliefs as hard facts does not lead the audience to question their accuracy: his tone is confident and absolute, he has no doubts that what he has observed is inarguable truth.
13   This is one of the few instances where there is a suggestion of diversity among Muslims as a people, as the quote describes the activity of 'Tatars and other Black Sea peoples'. Molyneux does not take time to explain why these labels are used instead of Muslim or Arab as he has used until now.
14   The reasons he holds Europe/the West in such a high regard happen to be the ones he listed 'off the top of my head', showing that the goal of this video is not to convince the audience of Europe's greatness - this is the assumption going in, it does not need exploration or inquiry to be believed, it is something we should know to be true.
15   In this series of sentences, the 'you' he is referring to is a rhetorical, distinguishable culture or society, and the 'people' are a group of cultures or societies. The likely intended point is that a culture should only exercise self-criticism among equally self-critical cultures, and that it is detrimental to that society's success if they are alone in the practice. The implication is that Europe is alone in it's self-criticism, that the societies surrounding it are insane and dangerous predators, and that Europe is bringing about its own demise by not taking pride in even its darker history.