TYPE Video    





1 0:00.0 - 0:03.0

Brief friendly introduction

2 0:03.0 - 0:05.0

Introducing content as speculations

3 0:05.0 - 0:13.0

Thoughtful, Introducing brief details on recent topical event1

4 0:13.0 - 0:15.0

Offering common perception of Mandela, validating assumed knowledge of the audience

5 0:15.0 - 0:38.0

Disinterested, Listing basic public knowledge of Mandela

6 0:38.0 - 0:47.0

Disinterested, framing kind and relatable public image of Mandela as inappropriate, sarcastic, inviting audience to ridicule Mandela's personal life

7 0:47.0 - 0:54.0

Thoughtful, Generalising distrust of media, sarcastic, implying a serious prevalence of misinformation in the media

8 0:54.0 - 0:57.0

Solemn, Identifying the audience as an in-group, Inviting audience to group inquiry, implying a need to search for truth that is hidden or misrepresented, asserting himself as a reliable source offering 'facts'

9 0:57.0 - 1:04.0

Thoughtful, Offering personal experience with a theme of the content (not directly related to the inquiry)

10 1:04.0 - 1:09.0

Humble, informing the audience his knowledge is not complete, offering further reading for audience, implying his knowledge is totally based on verifiable sources

11 1:11.0 - 1:16.0

Preoccupied, Introducing significant origins of Mandela, implying Mandela was opporunistic 'got his start'

12 1:16.0 - 1:26.0

Thoughtful, Framing Mandela as leading figure in terrorism, framing association of South African parties with terrorists, naming Umkhonto we Sizwe, African National Congress and South African Communist Party

13 1:26.0 - 1:34.0

Dismissive, Framing Mandela as having lied to protect self-image, implying negative image of Mandela by association with South African Communist Party, generalising the release of defamatory truths after Mandela's death

14 1:34.0 - 1:36.0

Intrigued, implying Mandela's association with South African Communist Party was an important truth that was witheld

15 1:36.0 - 1:52.0

Preoccupied (scanning notes), Generalising atrocities Mandela is associated with, interjecting to imply Mandela's atrocities were underreported, emphasising scale of destruction and Mandela's confirmed leadership

16 1:52.0 - 1:58.0

Thoughtful, naming length of Mandela's direct involvement and year of Mandela's conviction

17 1:58.0 - 2:10.0

Preoccupied, Generalising atrocities of terrorists after Mandela's arrest, implying Mandela's sustained connection with terrorists, invoking sympathy and disgust 'Christmas' and 'children'

18 2:10.0 - 2:20.0

Sarcastic, projecting to audience the mindset of terrorists, framing savagery of terrorists targeting children, sincere, emphasising violent behaviour of terrorists, asserting Mandela's association with terrorists

19 2:19.0 - 2:21.0

Dismissive, Asserting difference in time periods, implying Mandela's removal from leadership is an unimportant detail

20 2:21.0 - 2:24.0

Humble, Framing sincere but futile effort to offer evidence of Mandela's direct involvement, expressing genuine effort to search for evidence

21 2:24.0 - 2:30.0

Hesitant, asserting evidence of Mandela's direct involvement is not available

22 2:30.0 - 2:32.0

Thoughtful, Implying unavailable evidence is being withheld rather than not existing

23 2:32.0 - 2:36.0

Disinterested, Inviting audience to contribute directly to inquiry, asserting willingness to continue inquiry with audience help

24 2:36.0 - 2:43.0

Collecting thoughts (scanning notes?), vaguely asserting Mandela's involvement with terrorist violence, framing violence of terrorists against innocents

25 2:43.0 - 2:48.0

Intrigued, Emphasising Mandela's failure to condemn associated terrorists, implying failure to condemn violence equates to involvement

26 2:48.0 - 2:54.0

Intrigued, Vaguely describing reason for Mandela's arrest

27 2:54.0 - 3:00.0

Disinterested, Inviting audience to recall recent American events, offering familiar examples of American terrorist attacks, invoking sympathy through empathy, vaguely listing American terrorist attacks

28 3:00.0 - 3:04.0

Sincere, Expressing disbelief with injustice, framing Mandela as universally visible as a threat

29 3:04.0 - 3:12.0

Disinterested, Vaguely listing weaponry Mandela was found with, Implying further plans for large-scale terrorism, Implying association of South African terrorists with Russian communists, vaguely asserting further plans for large-scale terrorism

30 3:12.0 - 3:16.0

Solemn, Asserting Mandela as terrorist leader, emphasising Mandela's terrorist group as a threat

31 3:15.0 - 3:18.0

Solemn, Vaguely asserting that terrorism did not justify more atrocious aggression, naming apartheid, generalising apartheid as objectively evil

32 3:18.0 - 3:22.0

Trailing, Assuring a topic will be elaborated, identifying audience as an in-group that's involved in the inquiry

33 3:22.0 - 3:24.0

Intrigued, Asserting failure of Mandela to condemn terrorist activity in general

34 3:24.0 - 3:27.0

Thoughtful, Offering example opportunity for Mandela to renounce his violent beliefs, framing Mandela's refusal to condemn terrorists as denying a kind intention for peace, naming President Botha

35 3:27.0 - 3:34.0

Disinterested, Framing request for Mandela to condemn terrorist activity as reasonable and in favour of peace, implying Mandela's role as a leader in violent terrorist activity

36 3:34.0 - 3:37.0

Harsh, Asserting Mandela's refusal to condemn violent terrorist activity

37 3:36.0 - 3:41.0

Collecting thoughts, thoughtful, Generalising Mandela's active role in terrorist activity, implying Mandela's terrorist activities as incorrectly labelled as strategic

38 3:41.0 - 3:48.0

Trailing, collecting though2ts, vaguely listing examples of Mandela's targets of essential infrastructure

39 3:48.0 - 3:54.0

Thoughtful, Implying peace was not a priority to Mandela, implying some humanitarian values of Mandela

40 3:54.0 - 4:01.0

Disinterested, Vaguely implying brutal violence by Mandela, intrigued, emphasising senseless targeting of terrorists associated with Mandela

41 4:01.0 - 4:13.0

Trailing, Projecting the violent mindset of Mandela to audience, framing violent practices, intent and leadership of Mandela as objectively evil

42 4:13.0 - 4:19.0

Sarcastic, justifying imprisonment of Mandela, framing Mandela as objectively evil 'people like that'

43 4:19.0 - 4:22.0

Collecting thoughts, thoughtful, Expressing personal desire to share what's framed as withheld information

44 4:22.0 - 4:27.0

Framing Mandela as universally condemned, naming Amnesty International, offering perspective of Amnesty as proof of Mandela's wrongdoing

45 4:28.0 - 4:38.0

Collecting thoughts, blunt, Quoted with (implied) citation from Amnesty, implying lack of external support for Mandela during his imprisonment

46 4:38.0 - 4:44.0

Collecting thoughts, Vaguely Introducing new period when Mandela becomes president

47 4:45.0 - 4:58.0

Collecting thoughts, dismissive, listing weaponry purchased by Mandela, framing violent intents as escalated with Mandela's increase of power

48 4:58.0 - 5:15.0

Thoughtful, Framing Mandela as allies with or an admirer of corrupt figures in power, framing Mandela's allies as commonly known figures, disinterested then intrigued, naming Gaddafi of Libya, Suharto of Indonesia, Fidel Castro of Cuba, generalising Castro as a recognisable dictator

49 5:15.0 - 5:22.0

Trailing, solemn, framing content as essential but uncommon knowledge, asserting importance in appreciating a bigger picture, asserting himself as an objective source

50 5:22.0 - 5:26.0

Sincere, Asserting government intentions were not morally superior, sarcastically implying equal corruption of South African government

51 5:26.0 - 5:29.0

Humble, Asserting objective importance of appreciating historical facts, implying Mandela is misrepresented in the media

52 5:28.0 - 5:32.0

Intrigued, Stating Mandela's motivations were based on communism

53 5:32.0 - 5:35.0

Disinterested, Vaguely describing Mandela's goals to spread communism3

54 5:35.0 - 5:38.0

Sarcastically validating the audience's potential difference of opinion

55 5:38.0 - 5:40.0

Humble, Expressing personal belief on communism

56 5:40.0 - 5:43.0

Blunt, Asserting his personal belief is founded in historical facts

57 5:43.0 - 5:48.0

Thoughtful, Projecting to audience negative perception of nazism, implying common perception that nazism is objectively wrong, implying nazism is generally considered worse than communism

58 5:48.0 - 5:51.0

Solemn, Emphasising belief in the importance of factual evidence

59 5:51.0 - 5:57.0

Solemn, Stating communism is more brutal and violent than nazism

60 5:57.0 - 6:27.0

Intrigued, Vaguely stating death tolls of nazism versus communism, trailing, Listing global atrocities of communism, generalising atrocities of communist states, distinguishing 20th C communism, naming Stalin, Russia, Mao, China, Ukraine, khmer rouge in Cambodia, defining democide

61 6:27.0 - 6:32.0

Intrigued, Generalising the media as controlled by the left

62 6:31.0 - 6:34.0

Dismissive, Generalising the media as controlled by the left, implying a distinction between socialists and communists

63 6:34.0 - 6:36.0

Sincere, Stating the media conceals truth that negatively portrays the left

64 6:36.0 - 6:39.0

Trailing, Inviting audience to reflect on their experiences, generalising leftist politics as commonly accepted

65 6:39.0 - 6:43.0

Dismissive, Implying communist figures are as brutal and violent as nazi figures, thoughtful, naming Karl Marx, Che Guevera, Hitler

66 6:43.0 - 6:46.0

Dismissive, Asserting generalisation of Hitler as objectively evil

67 6:46.0 - 6:50.0

Irritated, Projecting consequences of censorship to audience, implying facts are systemically suppressed in Germany, offering Germany as an example of modern censorship

68 6:50.0 - 6:54.0

Solemn, Stating technical meaning of nazis4m, framing nazism as associated with socialism

69 6:54.0 - 6:58.0

Thoughtful, Projecting consequences of censorship to audience, implying systemic policing of language is suppressing truth and protecting socialism

70 6:58.0 - 7:03.0

Sarcastic, Projecting complacency to audience, 'you pretend', generalising perception that communism and fascism are opposites, implying communism and fascism are not opposite ends of the political spectrum

71 7:03.0 - 7:07.0

Sincere, Asserting true superior value of society is its freedom, asserting personal knowledge as generalised fact

72 7:07.0 - 7:18.0

Trailing, Generalising misconception that fascism and communism are opposites, dismissive, vaguely asserting the view that communism and fascism are oppososites as a misconception

73 7:17.0 - 7:22.0

Sincere, Vaguely distinguishing between nazism and communism, asserting personal knowledge, trailing

74 7:21.0 - 7:33.0

Thoughtful, Generalising communist sympathisers as brainwashed and evil, 'mental virus', framing communism as evil and violent

75 7:33.0 - 7:36.0

Blunt, Inviting audience to inquire further and seek evidence

76 7:36.0 - 7:44.0

Sincere, Framing Mandela as openly advocating for racist violence and brutality, trailing, asserting targetting of white people, emphasising Mandela's long-term advocacy for violence

77 7:44.0 - 7:48.0

Preoccupied, Expressing personal concern for audience's understanding of facts, asserting his content as objectively important

78 7:48.0 - 7:50.0

Solemn, Asserting Mandela was motived by communism

79 7:50.0 - 7:56.0

Thoughtful, Vaguely implying Mandela's new strategy as a government leader, naming year

80 7:56.0 - 8:00.0

Harsh, Generalising communism as self-destructive, violent and brutal for citizens

81 8:00.0 - 8:07.0

Disinterested, Emphasising Mandela's role in enforcing communism on essential infrastructure, listing vague examples of Mandela's communist actions

82 8:07.0 - 8:13.0

Disinterested, Asserting Mandela as central to collapse of South African economy, implying communism inevitably leads to economic collapse

83 8:13.0 - 8:18.0

Disinterested, Framing out-group of South African citizens against apartheid

84 8:17.0 - 8:21.0

Thoughtful, Projecting out-group behaviour to audience, implying people against apartheid were not fully committed to human rights, hesitant saying 'blacks5'

85 8:20.0 - 8:24.0

Dismissive, Projecting out-group behaviour to audience, implying out-group was ignorant and irresponsible, sarcastic, framing South African revolution as over-celebrated

86 8:24.0 - 8:28.0

Intrigued, Implying truth is misrepresented, implying ignorance of out-group, framing white people as unjustly vilified

87 8:28.0 - 8:32.0

Intrigued, generalising past atrocities as currently relevant, generalising preference for segregation in South Africa

88 8:32.0 - 8:37.0

Trailing, Vaguely offering timeframe for context

89 8:37.0 - 8:42.0

Intrigued, vaguely Offering statistics of preference for segregation in South Africa

90 8:42.0 - 9:21.0

Blunt, Quoted unclear if from notes or outside source, listing statistics of high rates of brutal and violent behaviour in South Africa, naming Transparency International's Global Corruption Barometer Report and year, intrigued, emphasising South African crime rates as a global outlier

91 9:19.0 - 9:23.0

Trailing, Interjecting to imply that crime in South Africa is worse than represented

92 9:23.0 - 9:34.0

Disinterested, Quoted unclear if notes or outside source, naming year and Medical Research Foundation, listing statistics of high rates of violent and brutal behaviour in South Africa

93 9:34.0 - 9:38.0

Preoccupied, Collecting thoughts, sincere, Validating audience's disgust with South African crime prevalence, framing crime rates as objectively upsetting

94 9:38.0 - 9:40.0

Disinterested, Framing South African crime as prevalent and stemming from misinformation, generalising misinformation as common

95 9:40.0 - 9:43.0

Dismissive, Vaguely asserting prevalence of disease in South Africa as common knowledge

96 9:43.0 - 9:50.0

Intrigued, Emphasising senseless brutality of South African behaviour, invoking disgust and sympathy from audience 'rape of babies', implying generalised misinformation and ignorance in South Africa

97 9:50.0 - 10:02.0

Thoughtful, Quoted unclear if from notes or source, offering current statistic for prevalence of HIV in South Africa, naming president Mbeki, framing systemic and dangerous misinformation in South Africa, interjecting quote to emphasise prevalence of misconceptions

98 10:02.0 - 10:09.0

Hesitant, asserting high violent crime rates as a consequence of systemic misinformation, intrigued, invoking sympathy for innocent victims of South African crime 'rape of children'

99 10:09.0 - 10:30.0

Disinterested, Quoted partial citation from Tshwete, emphasising unique catastrophic conditions in South Africa, naming Steve Tshwete, framing economic hardships in South Africa

100 10:30.0 - 10:37.0

Intrigued, vaguely offering perspective from non-governmental black figures, framing as upsetting truth, invoking sympathy for South African citizens, framing post-apartheid governments as worse than colonialism

101 10:37.0 - 10:53.0

Disinterested, Quoted unclear if notes or continued citation, naming African countries suffering under black governments, framing black governments as resulting in more violence than white governments in Africa in general, listing gruesome violent acts in Africa

102 10:53.0 - 10:59.0

Dismissive, Vaguely describing Mandela's personal relationships, implying lack of morals in all aspects of Mandela's life

103 10:59.0 - 11:03.0

Blunt, Naming Winnie Mandela, Inviting audience to feel disgust, framing Winnie Mandela as objectively evil

104 11:03.0 - 11:11.0

Disinterested, Framing Winnie Mandela as senselessly violent against innocents, vaguely describing violent act of Winnie Mandela, invoking sympathy for victims, implying Winnie Mandela was corrupt

105 11:10.0 - 11:15.0

Intrigued, Asserting Winnie Mandela as major advocate for brutal violence

106 11:15.0 - 11:20.0

Thoughtful, Projecting paranoia of out-group of South African rebels to audience, generalising unjust and barbaric acts of violence in South Africa

107 11:20.0 - 11:36.0

Disinterested, Graphically describing torture methods in South Africa, emphasising extreme brutality of South African rebels6, sincere, projecting to audience the savagery of out-group who tortured innocents

108 11:37.0 - 11:45.0

Intrigued, hesitant, Emphasising Winne Mandela as a major advocate for brutal violence, asserting Winnie's association with Mandela, vaguely stating Winnie Mandela's repeat offences

109 11:45.0 - 11:47.0

Solemn, Emphasising Mandela's relationship to Winnie, implying all components of Mandela's life were evil

110 11:47.0 - 11:52.0

Trailing, Offering personal perspective that Mandela is evil, implying personal moral standards

111 11:53.0 - 12:01.0

Thoughtful, Quoted with citation, naming the National Bureau of Economic Research, stating drastic economic hardships of South Africa under Mandela, offering statistics and timeframe

112 12:01.0 - 12:04.0

Solemn, Dramatically pauses, emphasising that the audience needs to understand facts, instructing the audience to pay attention to this fact

113 12:04.0 - 12:18.0

Solemn, Intrigued, Repeats quote, emphasising extreme economic hardship came with Mandela's presidency7

114 12:18.0 - 12:22.0

Dismissive, Vaguely implying Mandela's socialist regime caused economic hardship, distinguishing 'nationalised' and 'socialised' but not explaining differences

115 12:22.0 - 12:46.0

Blunt, some parts hesitant, Quoted including citation, naming UN 2006 Human Development Report, intrigued, asserting regressive society in South Africa with statistics, emphasising globally significant high crime rates, dramatically pauses

116 12:46.0 - 12:56.0

Sincere, Vaguely Offering statistics on violence against women, emphasising violent and mass victimisation of innocents in South Africa

117 12:56.0 - 12:59.0

Trailing, Asserting South Africa's violent crime rates as globally significant

118 12:59.0 - 13:03.0

Preoccupied, Sarcastic, generalising human struggles for survival

119 13:03.0 - 13:04.0

Dismissive, Inviting audience to group inquiry, introducing historical context

120 13:04.0 - 13:25.0

Disinterested, Quoted no citation, interjecting clarification for 'black South Africans' and temporal context of apartheid, intrigued, offering timeframe and population statistics

121 13:24.0 - 13:32.0

Sincere, trailing, Emphasising massive population growth of black South Africans under colonialism and apartheid

122 13:32.0 - 13:48.0

Thoughtful, Quoted no citation, interjecting clarification for temporal context of apartheid, intrigued, asserting higher life expectancy of South Africans under colonialism and apartheid

123 13:48.0 - 13:51.0

Sincere, Stating South Africa had the same average life expectancy as Europe under colonialism, implying colonialism improved society for South Africans by likening the period to Western civilisation

124 13:52.0 - 14:04.0

Humble, Emphasising personal condemnation of colonialism, emphasising personal understanding is based on factual historical evidence, solemn, identifying with the audience as an in-group that needs to base understanding on facts, expressing concern for being misrepresented

125 14:05.0 - 14:09.0

Thoughtful, Offering implied misrepresented truth about Africa, asserting personal knowledge as trustworthy

126 14:09.0 - 14:21.0

Humble, Emphasising hardships and oppression of Africans in general, invoking sympathy for Africans under dictatorships, generalising citizens from other African nations under black governments as desparate victims, generalising 'black-run dictatorships' as harmful to citizens

127 14:21.0 - 14:35.0

Sincere, Vaguely asserting South Africa as less threatening than other African countries for black people, implying desirable wealth and security of South Africa, hesitant, asserting oppression and corruption from African governments is objectively evil

128 14:35.0 - 14:42.0

Intrigued, Quoted vague citation, naming UN, emphasising Africa has uniquely drastic hardships in modern society

129 14:42.0 - 14:43.0

Blunt, Inviting audience to further investigate

130 14:43.0 - 14:48.0

Solemn, Generalising largescale struggle of people in developing countries, naming China and India

131 14:48.0 - 14:49.0

Sincere, Inviting audience to further investigate, naming Nigeria

132 14:49.0 - 14:56.0

Preoccupied, collecting thoughts (reading notes)

133 14:56.0 - 15:00.0

Sincere, Quoted unclear if notes or external source, Generalising largescale hardship in other African countries, naming Nigeria

134 15:00.0 - 15:06.0

Dismissive, Vaguely defining human development index figure, asserting human development index figure as an important statistic

135 15:06.0 - 15:16.0

Disinterested, Quoted no citation, vaguely framing apartheid government as less harmful to South Africa than Mandela's government (ANC not clarified), naming statistics in relevant timeframes

136 15:15.0 - 15:18.0

Sincere, Vaguely implying Mandela's government progressively worsened quality of life in South Africa

137 15:18.0 - 15:33.0

Disinterested, Quoted no citation, solemn, interjecting to emphasise facts can be misrepresented or witheld, projecting skepticism to audience, disinterested, asserting decreased life expectancy in Zimbabwe, emphasising hardship in Africa with removal of colonialism

138 15:33.0 - 15:51.0

Blunt, Quoted no citation8, hesitant, stating global significance of South Africa's crime, listing statistics comparing South African crime rates with the rest of the world

139 15:51.0 - 16:02.0

Sincere, Offering statistic on white-targeted violence in South Africa, solemn, emphasising global significance of hardship for white people in South Africa

140 16:02.0 - 16:11.0

Sincere, Framing oppression of white people as deliberate strategy by South African government, framing white people as powerless, asserting generalisation as obvious and objective

141 16:11.0 - 16:24.0

Sincere, Inviting audience to engage further, expressing disgust having learned about violence against white people in South Africa, validating audience fear and sympathy, solemn, framing information of violence against white people as deliberately not addressed by the media

142 16:24.0 - 16:30.0

Sarcastic, Framing the left as not valuing human life and having falsely superior morals

143 16:30.0 - 16:35.0

Thoughtful, Framing statistics from South African government as not trustworthy, dismissive, implying downplaying of true immense struggle in South Africa

144 16:35.0 - 16:39.0

Irritated, Vaguely emphasising collapse of society in South Africa

145 16:39.0 - 16:48.0

Disinterested, Describing habitants' views that South Africa is corrupt and unjust, vaguely offering statistics of public opinion

146 16:48.0 - 16:52.0

Trailing, Collecting thoughts, Offering explanation of statistics

147 16:52.0 - 17:00.0

Hesitant, solemn, Emphasising failure of Mandela, asserting Mandela's role in removing white rulers

148 17:00.0 - 17:06.0

Trailing, Emphasising South Africa as an unquestionably failed society, asserting communism will always fail

149 17:06.0 - 17:15.0

Trailing, Framing socialism as objectively destructive, naming Putin, offering condemnation from familiar figure of a former communist state, solemn, asserting socialism will always fail

150 17:15.0 - 17:20.0

Dismissive, Implying distrust of Obama, framing Obama as having socialist politics, validating Putin's concern for US politics, offering familiar example of Obama and Putin to explain the concern socialism raises in Western society

151 17:20.0 - 17:24.0

Exasperated, thoughtful, describing personal perception of Mandela's mainstream image, implying positive image of Mandela is deliberately misleading

152 17:24.0 - 17:52.0

Sarcastic, Projecting Mandela's behaviour to himself, implying personal superior morals, listing atrocities associated with Mandela, invoking distrust, disgust and sympathy 'slaughtering a whole bunch of kids', sarcastic, framing Mandela's values and interests as laughable, sincere, emphasising Mandela as violent, corrupt and driven by desire for power

153 17:52.0 - 17:54.0

Solemn, Expressing condemnation of Mandela's falsely positive image, framing Mandela as corrupt and inappropriate as an influential figure 'a sociopathic idiot'

154 17:54.0 - 18:16.0

Solemn, trailing, Projecting Mandela's behaviour to himself, implying personal superior morals, emphasising Mandela as a violent, corrupt usurper and wrongly universally idolised

155 18:16.0 - 18:29.0

Trailing, Generalising known statistics as undermining the extent of hardship in South Africa, solemn, emphasising generalised negative and violent reality of South Africa

156 18:29.0 - 18:34.0

Thoughtful, Asserting personal concern, framing misinformation as widespread and detrimental, expressing desire to protect others from misleading information

157 18:34.0 - 18:39.0

Trailing, Projecting to audience to imagine experience of out-group, identifing with audience through in-group systemic corruption, framing in-group systemic corruption as universal and 'sick'

158 18:39.0 - 18:46.0

Hesitant, Solemn, Projecting to audience the need to be skeptical of figures framed positively by the media, implying society aims to deceive the public

159 18:47.0 - 18:57.0

Trailing, harsh, Emphasising generally corrupt and deceptive nature of society, framing society as immoral and lacking value, asserting the media will not idolise people of worth

160 18:57.0 - 19:03.0

Humble, Framing relevance of content for audience, projecting to audience the need to be skeptical of the media, implying media will always attempt to deceive the public

161 19:03.0 - 19:10.0

Sincere, Generalising Gandhi as wrongly idolised, immoral and violent, hesitant, inviting audience to further group inquiry

162 19:10.0 - 19:13.0

Humble, Emphasising the audience needs to be skeptical of the media

163 19:13.0 - 19:16.0

Humble, hesitant, Expressing personal concern for consequences of misinformation

164 19:16.0 - 19:26.0

Thoughtful, Emphasising Mandela as a violent, corrupt usurper, generalising Mandela as objectively evil, emphasising Mandela's association with socialism

165 19:26.0 - 19:33.0

Sincere, Framing Mandela's motives as socialist, trailing, defining socialism as systemic robbery of citizens, asserting socialism as an immoral political system

166 19:33.0 - 19:35.0

Humble, Emphasising importance for audience to be skeptical

167 19:35.0 - 19:42.0

Sincere, Emphasising Mandela as violently barbaric and racist, implying dangerous consequences of wrongly idolising Mandela

168 19:42.0 - 19:44.0

Humble, Justifying personal concern, expressing urgency for the audience to acknowledge withheld information

169 19:44.0 - 19:46.0

Sincere, Invoking concern for impressionable youths, generalising global concern for impressionable youths

170 19:46.0 - 19:49.0

Solemn, Generalising youths as in need of guidance in their search for truth and meaning

171 19:49.0 - 19:59.0

Sincere, Projecting the consequences of accepting misinformation to the audience, invoking concern for impressionable youths, emphasising significantly violent and objectively evil framing of Mandela

172 19:59.0 - 20:08.0

Humble and thoughtful, projecting responsibility to audience of informing youths of truth, invoking concern for impressionable youths, emphasising need for audience to take responsibility, asserting objective need for people to take responsibility, implying future society will suffer from a lack of informed actions

173 20:08.0 - 20:13.0

Humble, Imploring audience to take responsibility to inform themselves, sincere, offering warning of audience's responsibility



1   Molyneux implies that his video was put together in a few days, implying his inquiry for sources and evidence was not incredibly rigorous, which can also be inferred from his assertion that reports confirming Mandela's repeated and direct involvement in terrorist activities as 'not available'. Molyneux says in his very first sentence that the content is a collection of reactionary speculations, directly contradicting the titling of the video as a source of 'truth'. While on the one hand it adds to his image of being generally well-informed, spontaneously articulate and confident in the truth of his points, on the other it suggests his intention as an influencer is to push hot takes on current events to discredit mainstream views, by offering a narrow framing that is purposefully provocative and contraversial. One is left to wonder whether his beliefs would hold true had he spent more time researching them. He mentions his willingness to amend inaccuracies, but if he has it is not indicated here.
2   It seems he prefers this freestyling presentation format, but by not including notes or references on-screen, and given we can see him checking notes and stumbling while he retracks his thoughts or comes up with examples off the bat, it's difficult to discern how rigorous his investigation is, how reliable his sourcecs are, and even what components are founded in evidence versus what is his own speculation. That being said, his language is intelligent, his tone is confident, thoughtful, and often humble, making it very easy to believe that what he's saying is true. To him, it is, without a doubt.
3   This is one instance where a primary source is surely attainable, the inclusion of which would strengthen Molyneux's point of Mandela being a communist, but there is no reason as to why the source isn't cited. Not only do we just have to believe that it exists, we have to believe it was not written in good faith to promote a moral way of living, since this is something we are not supposed to associate with communism.
4   Molyneux tends to add clarification where it will strengthen his point, but will leave out details that are not immediately obvious, especially to an audience who may not be familiar with (or care for) these details. In this instance, he explains that Naziism is an abbreviation of National Socialism, to emphasise that socialism is associated with fascism but this truth is being censored from public discourse. What he doesn't explain is why this censorship is put in place, and what the words nationalism and socialism mean together in this context, or any other context for that matter. The explanation which he implies is the strawman of 'the left' controlling the media, and controlling speech by extension. He offers no further information on what the left is, aside from being made of socialists and communists, which are also not considered as topics in need of further inquiry. The audience's pre-existing conceptions of 'the left' suffice for Molyneux's investigation.
5   There are some telling moments like this where we see the bigotry beneath the surface layers of Molyneux's language. After a wondering thought ('I mean if you...'), he seems to take a moment to assess if this word choice needs revision, clarification or editing. Since these presentation style videos are not edited, he decides to clarify he means South African 'blacks', knowing the racially dubious term has a good chance of being received badly if left it as is, but still assessing that his audience will not criticise him for not choosing a more humanistic label. Saying 'whites' later in the sentence could justify he is merely framing his point in simple terms, for the audience's sake, or to save time, but this is not justification for the loss of context of the struggles he's failing to describe. In a video asserting 'truth', the audience should expect these details to be the main event, rather than an afterthought. On further reflection, it's more likely he had a lapsing realisation **elaborated
6   I've taken to call the group he's generalising here rebels because I'm unsure if he's only talking about violence committed by terrorist groups, or if we are to understand this was common practice by any group who felt threatened by people 'negative to the cause of Black liberation'.
7   He doesn't offer any more detail on this, such as the rate at which it declined, any other factors that might have influenced the drop. He goes on to assert it was the result of Mandela's communist government, but these are projections of his own conviction that are not founded in concrete examples or sourced evidence.
8   I've made this note throughout because he rarely mentions where he pulls the statistics from, so I'm unsure if he's reading direct excerpts of one of the sources he listed in the video description (which even at a glance are not from credible sites) or if he's made notes based on all the sources and put the examples together himself. He only has a few named (albeit vague) citations, such as a UN report, an Amnesty International statement, and opinions from 'black writers'. Aside from these, he gives no indication of how the audience can assess the facts themselves or where they can easily find them, despite even advising it is important to be skeptical of government-released facts and drawing one's own conclusions about them. Regardless of whether this is a habit he should be preaching, he's not doing a very good job at demonstrating it.